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Offline Deletion

Authors: Benjamin Qi, Siyong Huang

Erasing from non-amortized insert-only data structures.

Offline Deleting from a Data Structure

Using a persistent data structure or rollbacking, you are able to simulate deleting from a data structure while only using insertion operations.


includes code (but no explanation) for dynamic connectivity

Dynamic Connectivity

Dynamic Connectivity is the most common problem using the deleting trick. The problem is to determine whether pairs of nodes are in the same connected component while edges are being inserted and removed.

StatusSourceProblem NameDifficultyTags
Show TagsDSUrb

DSU With Rollback

DSU with rollback is a subproblem required to solve the above task.

StatusSourceProblem NameDifficultyTags
Show TagsDSUrb

This section is not complete.

Any help would be appreciated! Just submit a Pull Request on Github.

explanation? check Guide to CP?

Warning: Watch Out!

Because path compression is amortized, it does not guarauntee O(Nlog2N)\mathcal{O}(N \log^2 N) runtime. You must use merging by rank.



int p[MN], r[MN];
int *t[MN*40], v[MN*40], X;
int setv(int *a, int b)
if(*a != b) t[X] = a, v[X] = *a, *a = b, ++X;
return b;
void rollback(int x) {for(;X>x;) --X, *t[X] = v[X];}
int find(int n) {return p[n] ? find(p[n]) : n;}
bool merge(int a, int b)


StatusSourceProblem NameDifficultyTags
Show TagsDSUrb
Show TagsDynacon
Baltic OIVery Hard
Show TagsD&C, DSUrb

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